Cameroon Humanitarian Response Plan 2019-2020

Cameroon is facing a complex and unprecedented humanitarian crisis. The significant deterioration of the socio-economic and security context has increased food insecurity, malnutrition and vulnerability to epidemics.

Health sector funding requirements for 2019

US$ 15.6 million for 2019

AHO funding requirements for 2019-20

US$ 4.75 million

Beneficiaries targeted by health partners in 2019-20

AHO and health partners will target 1.5 million people in 2019-20. This includes:

  • 51% female
  • 25% male
  • 53% children
  • 7% elderly

Background

Cameroon is facing a complex and unprecedented humanitarian crisis. The significant deterioration of the socio-economic and security context has increased food insecurity, malnutrition and vulnerability to epidemics.
In 2017, the number of people in need of humanitarian assistance reached 2.9 million, including 199 000 internally displaced people and 360 000 refugees. Among those needing humanitarian assistance, 95% are located in four regions: Adamawa, East, far North, and the North. More than 60% are children and 50% are women.
The intensification of the conflict in the Lake Chad basin caused the displacement of thousands of Cameroonians and Nigerian refugees. Thousands of women, men and children are traumatized by what they have experienced and have been the subject of abuse and violence in a growing climate of insecurity.
The country is facing a worsening food and nutrition crisis. So far, 2.6 million people are affected by food insecurity (8% more than in 2016). More than 298 000 require immediate food assistance. Children are the victims most affected by malnutrition. Over 200 000 children are suffering from severe or moderate acute malnutrition. Without an adequate response, these children may die or be disabled for life.
In the far north only 14% of the population has access to hygiene infrastructure and adequate sanitation and 45% has no potable water.

Health sector situation

Nearly 1.5 million people will need assistance to meet their essential healthcare needs in 2017, or 27% more than the previous year. The number of and quality of health centres is insufficient. Twenty-five health centres closed down due to conflict-related damage or occupation by armed forces. Existing health services are ill-equipped or prepared for the increase in conflict-related injuries.
In the far north, insecurity has reduced access to healthcare for more than 350 000 Cameroonians. The continuous influx of Nigerian and Central African refugees, along with the internal displacement of the population, put additional pressure on already overwhelmed health services.
The inadequacy of the health infrastructure, hygiene and sanitation services and low immunization coverage increase the risk of the resurgence of outbreaks of measles and cholera. Recent outbreaks include an epidemic of measles in Kolofata, an epidemic of poliomyelitis to Gwoza (bordering on Cameroon), sporadic cases of cholera, and one outbreak of avian flu.

Health sector objectives

  1. Increase the access of vulnerable populations to essential, quality health care. This includes essential primary health care, reproductive and child health care (e.g. childbirth, immunization, etc.).
  2. Increase the capacity, in the high risk areas, for the prevention, detection and response to outbreaks and other health emergencies, while ensuring the continuity of curative care. This involves the strengthening of both the early warning system and the preparedness in each region based on the analysis of the specific risks.
  3. Ensure the availability of quality information on food security and vulnerability for better humanitarian planning.

AHO Projects

Project to strengthen the Resilience of populations in parts of the East and Adamaoua
CMR-19/H/101100

Requested funds US$ 1 951 212

 

Support health services for refugees and host communities in the far north of Cameroon
CMR-19/H/101500

Requested funds US$ 1 114 800

 

Health support to vulnerable populations in the north and the far north of Cameroon
CMR-19/H/101500

Requested funds US$ 1 689 295