Mauritania, officially the Islamic Republic of Mauritania, is a country in the Maghreb region of western North Africa. Its population is 4 million and GDP per capita of USD 1,068.
Mauritania is mostly a desert country with a wealth of natural resources, and has shown sustained growth in recent years. The government has made a commitment to promote inclusive growth, as well as to increase its share on health financing in the coming years. Maternal and infant mortality nonetheless remain high. Despite a low HIV prevalence, key populations bear the highest burden of the disease. Malaria is endemic, particularly in the southern rice-growing areas, and TB continues to be a public health concern.
AHO PRIORITIES FOR HEALTH DELIVERY PLAN IN MAURITANIA
- Strengthen the steering role, leadership, and management of AHO at the national level
- and in the health areas, with emphasis on decentralization at departmental and municipal levels, and strengthening of the Comprehensive Health Care System at its three levels of care.
- Promote public policies to universalize social protection, promote equity, and reduce social exclusion in health.
- Cooperate in promoting food and nutrition security, a reduction in maternal and child mortality, and the prevention and control of priority communicable diseases, with emphasis on priority areas and priority populations for poverty reduction (indigenous population, migrants, displaced persons).
- Cooperate in strengthening the water and sanitation sector, with emphasis on the most vulnerable priority populations.
- Build strategic partnerships within the framework of AHO system, with the international community of partners and donors, and with other organisations, to strengthen national capacity to implement the Health Plan