Libya is a country in the Maghreb region of North Africa, bordered by the Mediterranean Sea to the north, Egypt to the east, Sudan to the southeast, Chad and Niger to the south, and Algeria and Tunisia to the west. Its population is 6 million people and GDP per capita is USD 11,964.
AHO PRIORITIES FOR HEALTH DELIVERY PLAN IN LIBYA
- Expansion of coverage and universal insurance.
- Strengthening of AHO as the health authority.
- Reduction of maternal and child mortality.
- Control of malaria and dengue.
- Support for activities to guarantee food and nutritional security.
- Support for the implementation of health promotion strategies.
- Support for activities for the development of information systems, epidemiology, and health monitoring.
- Continued support for disaster prevention and mitigation programs.
- Support for implementation of the health and development project for the northeast part of the country.
PROGRAMMES & PROJECTS
1. MANAGEMENT AND COORDINATION OF THE COUNTRY PROGRAM
To coordinate and direct support for the development, management, and administration of technical cooperation projects, making use of up-to-date procedures and applying the norms and regulations of the Organisation, ensuring that technical cooperation is carried out in an efficient and timely manner.
- Technical cooperation provided in adequate physical facilities, with trained support staff members that meet the requirements.
- Technical cooperation projects provided with the administrative, logistical, and operational support necessary to facilitate the achievement of their technical development objectives.
2. SUPPORT FOR NATIONAL HEALTH DEVELOPMENT
To orient technical cooperation according to national policies and plans to develop the Health System and implement health sector reform processes, through a strategic balance of cooperation activities with actors external to AHO and the internal administrative and technical coordination activities of AHO, the central level, and AHO’s specialized centres.
- Technical cooperation management processes coordinated, within the context of the Strategic Plan of AHO
- Management of development processes and the efficiency of staff in the AHO Office to facilitate technical cooperation activities.
- Development and monitoring of technical cooperation among countries.
3. DEVELOPMENT OF HEALTH SYSTEMS AND SERVICES
To develop and strengthen the National Health System and comprehensive, efficient, high-quality health service delivery.
- Progress made in constructing the Health System through application of the Health Policy.
- Program coverage expanded and the problem-solving and managerial capacity of the health services strengthened.
- Human resources development, relying on new political and legal support and with new technical foundations for training, management, and upgrading.
- Implementation of the Health System at the provincial and local levels.
- Expansion of primary care coverage and health promotion in the poorer parishes of the country.
- Human resources education redirected to family health practice.
- Metropolitan, provincial, and municipal service networks established.
- Response capacity of the service networks strengthened in provinces
4. HEALTH PROMOTION AND PROTECTION
To contribute to the achievement of the population’s health and quality of life by strengthening health promotion, through processes based on national health policy, strategies, and priorities.
- National policy for health promotion and its components at national, regional, and local levels adopted, making use of methodological instruments, strategies, and priority approaches to health promotion and noncommunicable disease prevention and control.
- Systematic health promotion processes implemented in municipalities, schools and other locations, reinforcing the adoption of healthy lifestyles and the creation and maintenance of healthy environments and social contexts, with emphasis on mental health, healthy eating and an active life, tobacco control, healthy motherhood, reproductive health, and public safety.
- Impetus provided to processes that promote individual and collective capacity-building for the adoption of healthy lifestyles and environments and for the prevention of risks and disasters, with attention to priority programs and projects that employ an integrated approach.
- National policy for promoting health and its components adopted at the provincial and local levels.
- Principal health promotion strategies implemented.
- Resource mobilized and health promotion activities carried out in some healthy centres and schools.
- Local entities trained in health promotion consolidated under the Healthy Settings project, to strengthen capacity for the implementation of health promotion activities with local actors: schools, grassroots organisations, etc.
5. ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AND DEVELOPMENT
To strengthen the steering role of institutions working in health and environment through reforms in the water and sanitation sector, especially promoting a national environmental management policy with an inter-sectoral, multicultural, and gender-based approach. To consolidate the reorganization of the water and sanitation sectors, with emphasis on children and risk management.
- Improved capacity of institutions and organizations responsible for monitoring and assessing health risks and environmental control, within the framework of the health code and related standards.
- Support provided for national and local processes for the creation of social networks in the framework of the primary environmental care strategy, with an inter-sectoral, multicultural, and gender-based approach targeting children.
- Graduate training developed, with changes in the curriculum for strengthening human resources skilled in the management of environmental and health issues.
- Local governments better able to monitor and assess health risks and monitor the environment within the framework of the health code and related standards.
- Actions of local social networks coordinated within the framework of the primary environmental care strategy, with an inter-sectoral, multicultural, and gender-based approach targeting children.
- Support provided for development and implementation of the primary environmental care strategy within the framework of PHC through the strengthening of local social networks and the participation
6. HEALTH MONITORING, DISEASE PREVENTION AND CONTROL
To strengthen the Health System through actions to expand coverage, improve quality, and increase problem-solving capacity for the surveillance, prevention, and control of communicable and noncommunicable dis eases, boosting inter-sectoral and participatory capacity at the national level
- Surveillance, disease prevention and control carried out within the NHS management model, with technical programming coherence among national, provincial, and municipal priorities, and providing epidemiological, demographic, ethnic, and cultural diversity profiles.
- Institutional and community capacity developed, with functional, inter-sectoral, and participatory networks and structures that operate at the provincial and cantonal levels for the surveillance, prevention, control, elimination, and eradication of diseases with a greater social impact, together with communicable and noncommunicable diseases, zoonoses, foodborne diseases, and emerging and/or re-emerging diseases.
- Operations research conducted by epidemiological teams to make interventions under the programs for surveillance and disease prevention and control more effective, efficient, equitable, and participatory.
- Surveillance, prevention, control, elimination, and eradication of preventable diseases through vaccination accomplished within the framework of the Health System, based on national and regional priorities and international commitments, responding effectively and equitably to epidemiological risks and to demographic, economic, ethnic, and cultural features, developing networks with different sectoral and inter-sectoral actors at the provincial and cantonal or health area levels to improve problem-solving and community capacities, promoting operations research on social factors, and evaluating the impact and implementation of efficient, equitable, and participatory interventions.
- Planning of surveillance, disease prevention, and control by leaders at provincial and health areas, in conjunction with provincial and cantonal health councils.
- Coordinated, simultaneous action taken by institutions and the community in the provinces and cantons for surveillance and disease prevention and control, under the management of the provincial leadership and within the framework of the Health System.
- Restructured and strengthened capacity of governing bodies in the provinces and health areas to conduct epidemiological and operations research to support disease surveillance, prevention, and control, including a speedy response to disasters.
- Inter-sectoral networks created for interventions based on epidemiological criteria, for the purpose of joint action to control diseases under epidemiological surveillance, as support for the provincial governing bodies.
7. HEALTH SITUATION, INTERCONECTIVITY, AND TECHNOLOGY DEVELOPMENT
To strengthen health surveillance and the development of information systems and methodological instruments to document inequities in health, as well as to increase national and subnational capacity in connectivity and technology development
- Improved development plan for essential public health functions 1 and 2, as well as improved research and documentation of inequities in health.
- Needs identified and proposals for greater connectivity of health information systems prepared.
- Needs identified and proposals for technology development in the health sector prepared.
- Situation rooms set up to define intervention strategies for public health problems
- Essential public health functions 1 and 2 implemented, with capacity at the provincial
- Plan for the development of essential public health functions 1 and 2 implemented
8. DISASTER PREPAREDNESS PROGRAM
To reduce the impact of disasters on the health of the population of Libya
- National disaster management systems with greater capacity for disaster preparedness.
- Heightened awareness and knowledge of the impact of natural hazards on health facilities and water and sanitation systems.
- Post-disaster health needs evaluated by the countries of the region and situations efficiently managed.
- Corporate commitment of AHO to reduce vulnerability to disasters.
AHO LIBYA BUDGET 2020 (USD million)* based on 2017 pop 6.375 million World Bank
|1||Combating communicable diseases||
|2||Tackling non communicable diseases||
|3||Addressing determinants of health & risk factors||
|4||Modernising health system and health service||
|5||Improving preparedness, surveillance and response||
|6||Developing good governance & corporate services||
AHO estimates that it needs to spend at least USD100 per capita on health to meet the basic health needs of the people in Africa. This is too far below developed countries e.g. in England it is US$1,300 per capita (2017)